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Understanding the interactions between individual animals requires appreciating that they have flexible responses to each other, rather than have fixed behaviour

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Conflicts between animals may be decided by which is bigger, but also by some ‘convention’, such as who found a resource first, that enables animals to avoid fighting too much

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Conflicts between animals are usually settled without injury, but such ritualised harmless fighting has evolved because it is good for individuals, not for the “survival of the species”

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Animals may act to reduce their own fitness if the act has a big benefit to relatives

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Better understanding of food gathering behaviour from appreciating that collecting food involves a greater risk of being killed than travelling

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

An animal that learns optimally may still be prone to inactivity when conditions are good, which is a symptom of depression

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Animals’ instincts to exploit gluts of food to avoid costing searching means we easily become obese in our ‘constant glut’ modern world

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

The drifty genotype hypothesis of obesity is not consistent with evolutionary theory

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Fri Oct 27 2017

Relatedness does not play a role in the evolution of animal societies such as bee colonies

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Sun Oct 22 2017

Leadership can evolve even without differences in need or ability

Posted by: AndrewDHigginson Posted Sun Oct 22 2017

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